Urban Transport Performance Measurement

Local governments invest huge amounts of resources in providing urban transport infrastructure as a measure to combat the effects of rapid motorisation and to ensure citizens` access to work, markets and services. Nearly 75% of cities  have direct control over their transit system, and 80% have control over roads [1].

Often, pre-feasibility studies are conducted before a project is implemented. These studies focus only on the specific project and seldom report on the overall transport system performance or give prediction of the transport situation if the project is implemented, lacking an integrated and strategic approach. A tool to measure the existing transport performance is essential for Local Governments to identify gaps and the areas for development - a  pre-condition to design projects that effectively fill-in these gaps.This Solution provides a process for Local Governments to Measure, Monitor and Verify (M&V) the performance of the urban transport systems in their territory, including walking, cycling, public transport, and cars (excluding freight), and to establish a path for continuous improvement.

The Solution is based on the methodology developed under the Ecomobility Shift project, financed by the European Commission Intelligent Energy Europe initiative. The performance characterization and evaluation is based on a set of 20 indicators classified into three broad categories: Enablers, Transport systems and services, and Results and impacts.

Motivation / Relevance

Urban transport accounts for up to 27% of emissions in cities [2]. In order to address the increasing urban transport crisis in cities. Cities need to provide proper infrastructure to address the increasing mobility problem. Providing proper infrastructure lies in identifying the exact transport system component, needing further development. By making the right decision cities can address the increasing GHG emissions, provide equitable transport, and reduce energy consumption from fossil fuels.

Main impacts

  • Climate mitigation benefits
  • Reduction in fossil fuel consumption
  • Improvement of air quality
  • Contribution to social equity (improve access to work, services, health, education, etc.)
  • Contribution to economic development (increased accessibility and decrease of traffic externalities)
  • Increased quality of life, through better transport planning and service delivery

Benefits and Co-Benefits

  • Reduction in expenses for transport infrastructure (construction, operation and maintenance)
  • Higher appeal to sustainable mobility modes (public transport, non-motorized transport modes and walking)
  • Increased use of public transport
  • A short-term action plan, achievable in a short period, which can be used to create momentum for long-term strategic action (e.g.: master plan)